Information sheet ECTS Syllabus
Course syllabus 426B2_4B - Biochemistry I (FCFT - SS 2019/2020)
|University:||Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava|
|Faculty:||Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology|
|Course unit code:||426B2_4B|
|Course unit title:||Biochemistry I|
|Mode of delivery, planned learning activities and teaching methods:|
|Recommended semester/trimester:||-- item not defined --|
|Level of study:||1.|
|Prerequisites for registration:||none|
|No monitoring of student's activity during the course is supposed.|
|Learning outcomes of the course unit:|
|The goal of this course is to teach students about the chemical composition of living matter, about enzymes, and about basics of energetic metabolism - degadation of saccharides and fatty acids and about biosyntheses of these compounds.|
|Chemical composition of living organisms. Ions, trace elements, occurrence and function, role of water. Buffers. Energetics of living organisms. Equilibrium and noni-equilibrium processes. Chemical equilibria. Coupling of endergonic and exergonic reactions. High-energy bond.
DNA, structure, properties. DNA denaturation. Replication. Types, structures and functions of RNAs. Transcription. Genetic code. Enzymatic activity of RNA.
Amino acids, structure, properties, chemical reactions. Peptide bond. Proteins and polypeptides, their properties and structure. Methods of protein structure study. Proteosynthesis.
Monosaccharides. Stereochemistry. Biologically important monosaccharides, their derivatives, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. Glycoside bond.
Fatty acids, triacylglycerols, waxes, sterols, complex lipids.
Enzymes. Enzymic reaction, kinetics, inhibition.
Cell metabolism and its regulation. Concept of operon by Jacob and Monod. Regulation by changes of enzymic activities.
Anaerobic and aerobic catabolism of glucose. Gluconeogenesis. Citric acid cycle. Anaplerotic reactions. Glyoxylate cycle. Pentose cycle. Oxidative phosphorylation. Respiratory chain. Coupling of substrate oxidation and ATP synthesis. Protonmotive force. Transport of reducing equivalents, substrates and products of phosphorylarion.
Utilization of fatty acids. Enzymologic, energetic, transport, and regulatory aspects.
Photosynthetic phosphorylation and carbon fixation. Dark-reactions of photosynthesis. Fixation of CO2 in C3 and C4 plants. Photorespiration. Calvin cycle
|Recommended or required reading:|
|Language of instruction:||slovak or english|
|Assessed students in total: 569|
|Name of lecturer(s):||prof. RNDr. Ľudovít Varečka, DrSc. (person responsible for course) - slovak, english|
|Last modification:||29. 1. 2019|
|Supervisor:||prof. RNDr. Ľudovít Varečka, DrSc. and programme supervisor|
Last modification made by Ing. Tomáš Molnár on 01/29/2019.