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Modern architecture as heritage:low energy renewal

Supervisor: prof. Ing. Anton Puškár, PhD.


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Project description:Modern architecture of the 20th century brought a radical change in structural, material, spatial, aesthetical and functional aspects. The notions of anti-traditionality, variability, transformability and universality have become a part of theoretical concepts of modern architecture. (Behne 1926, Duiker 1930, Le Corbusier 1933). Time becomes an issue for architecture and object of observation (Giedion 1941, Leatherbarrow ? Mostafavi 1993). New position and function of time in architecture influenced the interwar period but found full application only in post-war modern architecture and it performed itself fully in post-war modern architecture. Works of modern architecture have become objects of conservation. The inner conflict (DOCOMOMO ? ?paradox of modern monuments?) between programmatic temporality and the standard thesis of conservation - assuming preservation of the original structure - brings along the whole range of theoretical questions on sustainability of modern architecture. The modern preservation of monuments undergoes a development in being focused not only on individual objects but also on the cities as an entirety and on their environment (Strike 1994) and it starts to deal with questions of modernity and post-modernity (Hajos 1986), especially in the organization of DOCOMOMO - Documentation and Conservation of Modern Movement (Heneket ? Heynen 2002, Cunningham 1998, de Jonge 1991 Kuipers 1998). Special attention is paid to the renewal of modern movement icons (de Jonge 2003, Urlich ? Ksandr 2000, Hammer ? Tegethoff 1998, Sola-Morales 1993, Nägele 1992). In addition, the principles of renewal applicable to standard modern architecture are being conceived (Mills 1994, Chandler 1992). For formulating a concept of modern heritage conservation theory a deep knowledge of principles according to which the modern architecture is manifested under certain local, functional, spatial, structural, material and technological specificities is a prerequisite. The new concepts and strategies of heritage conservation and regeneration must relate to these local specificities. The research team members contributed to monographic research in this field (Dulla ? Moravčíková 2002, Dulla, Moravčíková 2003, 2003a, 2005, Dulla 2004, 2004a, 2007, Topolčanská 2005, Szalay 2005, Moravčíková ? Doricová ? topolčanská 2005). Research team members contributed to formulation of a general theory of cultural and historical values of architectural monuments (Gregor, 2000). The structural aspects of modernity are of a special significance (Jester 1995, Kopecká ? Nejedlý, 2000) and over the last quarter of the 20th century the problems of thermo technology and energy were dealt with (Smutný 2005, Chmúrny 2003, Sternová 1999), and also theoretical and experimental analysis of structures of facade openings were realized (Puškár et all., 2003) along with theories of special facade structural approaches and openning fillings (Bielek ? Bielek 2002, Puškár 2000, 2002). Research team members investigated also the question of complex utility performance (Matiašovský, 2005), especially of inner climate and special possibilities of supplementary insulation and thermo protection and renewal of buildings listed as monuments (Matiašovský 2003, Sternová 1999). The overall databases are being applied in research of materials, structural approaches and technologies of modern architecture. The research project assumes further extension of the Archive of Architecture of Slovakia (ÚSTARCH SAV), an extensive database of architecture of 20th century in Slovakia, as well as extension of complex material performances database, which is being permanently constructed by the research team members and which today contains over 3000 buildings of modern architecture in Slovakia. A selection of this database is accessible via architectural server www.nextroom.at. The compilation of the database will gain on complexity by insertion of information processed from the Central A
Kind of project:APVV ()
Department:Department of Building Structures (FCE)
Project identification:APVV-0204-07
Project status:Successfully completed
Project start date :15. 06. 2008
Project close date:31. 12. 2010
Number of workers in the project:3
Number of official workers in the project:0